Introduction to Terpenes — Limonene & Terpinolene
Every cannabis plant features oils known as terpenes. These terpenes are important, because they give each cannabis strain its unique fragrance, as well as health and wellness properties similar to cannabinoids.
There are over 100 different terpenes, each with a different fragrance profile and properties. But some are more common than others, so we decided to highlight some of the most popular in our series on terpenes. This week? Two standouts that cannabis lovers enjoy all the time, even though they may not know it yet— limonene and terpinolene.
Limonene Characteristics and Benefits
Limonene is produced in the resin glands of cannabis, and it’s usually associated with a citrusy, fruity, and fresh aroma that’s also found in the rinds of fruits like lemon and orange.
Most strains that have a lemony scent contain limonene, though not always. When combined with other terpenes, the benefits of limonene can be strengthened and changed thanks to what’s known as the ‘entourage effect’— terpenes changing properties and becoming stronger when paired with others.
Speaking of benefits, let’s talk the benefits of limonene beyond just its fresh, lemony scent.
Not a lot is fully understood about just how terpenes like limonene work, but more and more research is being conducted every day. Early studies have been extremely promising, suggesting that limonene could have a whole range of benefits. These include:
- Mood boosting effects
- Anxiety and stress relief
- Antibacterial & antifungal effects
- Improved absorption of other terpenes
Terpinolene Characteristics and Benefits
There are some terpenes that like to show off. They appear in cannabis plants in huge amounts, making themselves known with their strong fragrances and traits.
Terpinolene is sort of the opposite. It likes to lie low in small quantities. That said, it’s actually present in a high number of cannabis strains.
Terpinolene is extremely important in shaping the aroma and taste of cannabis, and even more importantly, research is starting to suggest that it has more effect on a strain’s benefits and overall experience than initially thought.
Many terpenes are described in terms of their fragrance— limonene, for example, has a very obvious citrus flavor. But terpinolene is a bit tougher because it contains notes of many different fragrances. It’s been described as floral, citrusy, piney, and a whole lot more. Depending on which terpenes it’s combined with, it can have a whole range of scent profiles that enhance your cannabis experience.
Terpene seems to have antifungal and antibacterial effects, according to some research over the last several years. It’s a common additive in many cleaning products for this exact reason.
Some early research also seems to suggest that terpinolene could be used for reducing risks of heart disease and slowing the growth of cancer cells in the body. While all of this research is extremely early, it’s also very promising.
Products Rich in Limonene & Terpinolene
Want to experience Limonene & Terpinolene for yourself?
Here are some of our favorites currently available at the Farmacy.
Thanks for learning along with us!
Be sure to check in next week, when we discuss two more awesome terpenes— pinene & caryophyllene.